Most activities were planned logically to build awareness and understanding of social accountability on the part of Papuan CSOs, local officials and elected representatives, along with local academics and journalists. However, while individual activities were technically sound and well-received, the project lacked a clearly-defined strategy putting in place sustainable knowledge and skills. Capacity cannot be built through lectures and question-and-answer sessions alone. Beyond this, it will be necessary to provide trainees or learners with opportunities to put what has been learned into practice and adapt new knowledge to the local context.